Mona Lisa (also known as La Gioconda or La Joconde), often called the Mona Lisa, is a 16th century Potrait painted in Oil on a Poplar panel in Florence by Leonardo da Vinci during the Italian Renaissance. The work is owned by the Government of France and is on the wall in the Loure in Paris, france with the title Portrait of Lisa gherardini, wife of Francesco del Giocondo It is perhaps the most famous and iconic painting in the world.
Artist - Leonardo da Vinci
Type- oil and poplar
actual size- height-31", width 21"The painting is a half-length portrait and depicts a woman whose facial expression is often described as enigmatic. The ambiguity of the sitter's expression, the monumentality of the half-figure composition, and the subtle modeling of forms and atmospheric illusionism were novel qualities that have contributed to the painting's continuing fascination.It is probably the most famous painting that has ever been stolen from the Loure and recovered. Few other works of art have been subject to as much scrutiny, study, mythologizing, and parody. A charcoal and graphite study of the Mona Lisa attributed to Leonardo is in the Hyde Collection, in Glens Falls.
History of Mona Lisa Painting
Mona Lisa PainterDa Vinci began painting the Mona Lisa in 1503, during the Italian Renaissance and, according to Vasari, "after he had lingered over it four years, left it unfinished…." he moved to France and to have finished it shortly before he died in 1519 Da Vinci took the painting from Italy to France in 1516 when King Francois I invited the painter to work at the Clos Luce near the king's castle in Amboise. Most likely through the heirs of da Vinci's assistant Salai, the king bought the painting for 4,000 ecus and kept it at Chateau Fontainebleau, where it remained until given to Louis XIV. Louis XIV moved the painting to the Place of Versailles. After the French revolution, it was moved to the Louvre. Napoleon I had it moved to his bedroom in the Tuileries Palace; later it was returned to the Louvre. During the Franco-Prussian war (1870–1871) it was moved from the Louvre to a hiding place elsewhere in France.
Mona Lisa was not well known until the mid-19th century when artists of the emerging Symbolist movement began to appreciate it, and associated it with their ideas about feminine mystique. Critic Walter pater, in his 1867 essay on da Vinci, expressed this view by describing the figure in the painting as a kind of mythic embodiment of eternal femininity, who is "older than the rocks among which she sits" and who "has been dead many times and learned the secrets of the grave."